Ney, Michel

(duke of Elchingen, prince of the Muskowa)
   marshal of France
   Born in Sarrelouis, Michel Ney joined the army in 1788, became a captain during the revolution of 1789 (1794), and, two years later, after the capture of Mannheim, was made brigadier general. This intrepid soldier (he was called "the bravest of the brave") distinguished himself again at Hohenlinden and then, from October 1802 to December 1803, undertook the political and military organization of Switzerland. Made a marshal of France in 1804, Ney won a victory at Elchingen, Bavaria (1805) followed by another at Ulm, Wiirttemberg. In 1808, napoléon i created him duke of Elchingen. Ney's participation in the Battle of Friedland was decisive, and he was subsequently sent to Spain (1808), where he occupied Galicia and Asturia. In 1812, he led the campaign and then the retreat from Russia, achieving many victories during both, and was made prince of the Moscowa. He took part in the campaign of 1813. He encouraged Napoléon to abdicate in 1814, then went over to King louis XV III, who made him a peer of France and governor of Besançon. The king ordered him to arrest Bonaparte upon his return from Elba, but Ney, with his troops, instead rallied to the emperor (March 13, 1815). Ney showed great courage at the Battle of Quatre-Bras (June 16, 1815) as well as at Waterloo. He was captured, arrested, and tried before the Chamber of Peers for having betrayed the Bourbons. He was condemned to death and shot the next day near the Paris observatory, where there is now a memorial statue by François rude. Marshal Ney's Mémoires were published in 1833.
   See also hundred days.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ney,Michel — Ney (nā), Michel Duc d Elchingen and Prince de la Moskowa. 1769 1815. French marshal who commanded the rear guard in Napoleon I s retreat from Moscow (1812) and later deserted Louis XVIII to aid Napoleon at Waterloo (1815). * * * …   Universalium

  • Ney, Michel — (1769–1815)    A famous Napoleonic marshal and Napoleon Bonaparte ’s most loyal subordinate.    Ney reached the rank of brigadier general in 1796 and commanded a division three years later. He distinguished himself in the Low Countries, on the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • NEY, MICHEL —    peer and marshal of France, born at Sarrelouis, son of a cooper; entered the army as a private hussar in 1797; distinguished himself by his bravery in the wars of the Revolution and the Empire, and earned for himself from the army under… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ney, Michel, Duc D'elchingen, Prince De La Moskowa — ▪ French duke Introduction born Jan. 10, 1769, Sarrelouis, Fr. died Dec. 7, 1815, Paris  one of the best known of Napoleon s marshals (from 1804), who pledged his allegiance to the restored Bourbon monarchy when Napoleon abdicated in 1814. Upon… …   Universalium

  • Ney, Michel, duke d'Elchingen — born Jan. 10, 1769, Sarrelouis, France died Dec. 7, 1815, Paris French army officer, the best known of Napoleon s marshals. He distinguished himself in the French Revolutionary Wars and rose to general in 1799. A supporter of Napoleon, he was… …   Universalium

  • Ney, Michel, duque de Elchingen — (10 ene. 1769, Sarrelouis, Francia–7 dic. 1815, París). Oficial del ejército francés, el más conocido de los mariscales de Napoleón I. Se distinguió en las guerras revolucionarias francesas y ascendió a general en 1799. Partidario de Napoleón,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Michel Ney — Michel Ney, Marshal of France Nickname Le Rougeaud, le Brave des Braves …   Wikipedia

  • Michel Ney — [mi ʃɛl nɛ], Herzog von Elchingen, Fürst von der Moskwa (* 10. Januar 1769 in Saarlouis; † 7. Dezember 1815 in Paris) war Marschall von Frankreich. Napoléon nannte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michel-Louis-Félix Ney — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ney. Michel Louis Félix Ney, 2ème duc d Elchingen (1804 1854), était le deuxième fils du maréchal Ney. Il est élu député du Pas de Calais en 1846, et se rallie en 1849 à Louis Napoléon qui le fait général. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Michel Louis Felix Ney — Michel Louis Félix Ney Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ney. Michel Louis Félix Ney, 2ème duc d Elchingen (1804 1854), était le deuxième fils du maréchal Ney. Il est élu député du Pas de Calais en 1846, et se rallie en 1849 à Louis Napoléon qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

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